Gum disease is a serious condition that can result in tooth loss if left untreated. It is caused due the build-up of plaque and tartar in your mouth, affecting the gum tissue, bones and teeth. While it is a severe condition, you can reduce the impact on your health by early diagnosis and treatment. At Appleway Dental Clinics, we have the experience to provide periodontal treatments in Red Deer and surrounding areas.
What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease, is the infection of the gums and jawbone caused by bacteria in plaque. Plaque can harden into tartar, which releases toxins and can cause infection. Later, periodontal pockets can form between the gum tissue and the teeth. These pockets extend, deteriorating the bone underneath and loosening the patient’s natural teeth. This can eventually lead to the teeth falling out. The only way to restore the patient’s smile is with cosmetic treatments such as dental implants, dental bridges or dentures.
The disease starts as gingivitis, which is characterized by bad breath and bleeding when a patient brushes or flosses his or her teeth. As it progresses, it can cause teeth, pus and other cosmetic issues.
Treatment Options for Gum Disease
The treatment recommended for you by our dentist will depend on how far the disease has progressed. In the earlier stages, you can undergo scaling and root planing. This deep cleaning treatment involves the removal of accumulated tartar and prevention of future build-up. If the gums and jawbone are badly infected, we may suggest taking antibiotics. As the disease advances, it may require more surgical techniques such as cutting of the gums to eradicate plaque build-up underneath your teeth and around the bone.
A Little More
Preventing gum or periodontal disease is essential for optimal oral health. If you want to prevent the development of gingivitis and periodontal disease, we suggest you brush and floss daily while undergoing routine check-ups, professional cleanings and X-rays as necessary. Patients of all ages are at risk of developing gum disease. Talk to our dentist to learn about the ways you can prevent periodontal disease from occurring.